Totalitarianism & Vedic Totalism:
The Difference is Night and Day


Articles of Confederation was the agreement under which the original thirteen colonies established a government of states in 1781. They called their confederation the United States of America.”
World Book Encyclopedia, 1988 edition

The United States celebrates its founding as a secular nation on July 4th every year, but the overwhelming majority of American are still unable to see that their country did not actually become a nation-state on July 4, 1776. That date marked the Declaration of Independence, penned by Thomas Jefferson, being accepted by vote of the Second Continental Congress. All fifty-six signatures were affixed throughout the month of July on the formal parchment, which was produced after the vote.

Yet, A resolution for a declaration of independence was accepted by the Continental Congress on July 2nd, two days before the Declaration (as a rough draft document) was accepted. Even then, July 2nd also did not mark the creation of the United States of America. What it did mark, instead, was a declared unity of thirteen former colonies of Great Britain for a newly-proclaimed status—as thirteen, individual nation-states. That statement of states sovereignty is made clear in the Declaration itself:

“. . . these united Colonies are, and of right ought to be, Free and Independent States . . . that, as Free and Independent States they have the full power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and do all other Acts and Things which independent States may of right do.”

No federal government in America was established on July 4th, because simply a declaration of independence from Great Britain was resolved; included therewith, a declaration by all thirteen former colonies that they were now separate, independent, sovereign States, unified in opposition to the mother country—but only unified in that. A national government, a federal government, was not created of and by those nation-states until March 1, 1781, when Maryland was the last State to sign the Articles of Confederation in Philadelphia at noon local time, as confirmed in World Book Encyclopedia:

“Previously, the nation's leaders had established a national government under the Articles of Confederation.”

World Book also described those Articles of Confederation as follows:

Articles of Confederation was the agreement under which the original thirteen colonies established a government of states in 1781. They called their confederation the United States of America. . . The Articles (of Confederation) served as the basic law of the new nation until the Constitution. . . and gave the states all powers not specifically granted to Congress. . . However, Congress did have many powers that were later included in the Constitution. . . ”

To the objection that the Constitution itself completely replaced the political entity created in 1781, forming an entirely new nation, the Preamble to the Constitution indicates that such may or may not be the case. Please note, the name of the nation formed in 1781 was not changed in the Constitution. In point of fact, another federal convention met at Independence Hall in Philadelphia on May 14, 1787, to revise the Articles of Confederation. The verb “revise” is specifically stated in a booklet entitled THE CONSTITUTION (published by Bendon, Inc.) and printed and distributed in 2015. That booklet goes on to reproduce the Preamble to the Constitution, which reads as follows:


An argument could be made that the verb “FORM” indicated a completely new creation rather than an update or an improved transformation. Either way, July 4, 1776 is not the date that the United States was either first formed. The Preamble to the Constitution states that the Union was being made more perfect in 1789. This is indicative of a transformation to a better perfection of the union (already established in 1781). Article VI of the Constitution actually cites the Articles of Confederation:

“All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid as against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.”

Article VI also indicates a continuation rather than a full replacement or a brand new creation of the United States of America. If it was the intent of the authors and signers of the Constitution that a brand new entity was created in 1789, why then did they not give this entirely new entity an entirely new name?

Yet, Americans commemorate their nation allegedly becoming the United States on July Fourth of each year. March the First in 1781 is the actual month and date, but this is not recognized on any widespread basis. Indeed, hardly any American even knows about it, but such general ignorance even of its own origins can permeate the whole culture of any secular state, or any entity influenced by secularism, including the American nation.

Quotes from the books of His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada are copyright by the Bhaktivedanta Book Trust